Key ingredients include Kojic Acid which inhibits the production of melanin thereby reducing the risk of pigmentation. Arbutin inhibits the cell’s production of melanin (melanogenesis) by blocking the action of tyrosinase. Licorice is a proven depigmenting agent due to its flavonoid-rich composition. It also has soothing properties. Morus Alba is a species of a fruit tree which limits the production of melanin by inhibiting the action of the tyrosinase. It is also an antioxidant. Glycolic Acid speeds up exfoliation and promotes cell renewal. Salicylic Acid causes a keratolytic action that reduces intercorneocyte cohesion, un-glueing the bonds that hold the dead skin cells together. Paraben-free. Fragrance-free.